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Assessment of Factors that Prevent Pregnant Mothers from Attending Antennal Care Services in Munuki Payam (Juba, 2015)

Factors affecting attendance of FANC among Pregnant Women in Munuki Payam (Juba, South Sudan)

Authors: Jok  Peter  Mayom  Jil, Peter Mawiir Piol Deng, and Ayak Mading Ador Deng (Research submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Award of BSc. in Public and Environmental Health at Upper Nile University) Chapter One: Introduction 1.1 Background to the Study Maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality have continued to be a major problem in developing countries of which South Sudan is part despite efforts to reverse the trend. Globally, more than 500,000 mothers die each year from pregnancy-related conditions, and neonatal mortality accounts for almost 40% of the estimated 9.7 million children under-five deaths (UNICEF, 2009). In addition, 99% of maternal and newborn mortality occur in developing countries. The greatest risk of maternal deaths, which is now compounded by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, is faced by women in Sub-Saharan Africa (O’Callaghan, 1999). Research has shown that most of the maternal and neonatal deaths are avoidable (Stevens-Simon, 2002). Antenatal care is […]

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Notes from China: Prosperity in Principle

By Thon Thon Following my recent visit to China, in which I attended a seminar on Parasitic Diseases Control and Elimination with the view to sharing experiences in service delivery structure and social administration of the Chinese system, I find it relevant to reflect on a few things. I believe every South Sudan who visits China is amazed by the legend of Chinese country whose territory is covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers. It is the world’s second large area with a population of over 1.381 billion. The state is governed by the Communist Party of China, the vanguard party based in Beijing, its capital. The adage ‘no pain no gain’ – if you don’t work you won’t have food – rules China. Nobody wears eyeglasses or suits, no idleness at all. Behind the Chinese people is their unwavering government, with laws that satisfy their worth. Once you get there, you think […]

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Time Series Data Showing Monthly Fluctuations in the Volume of Sugar Import Between 2013 and 2014: A Case Study of Sugar Imported Via Nimule Border (at South Sudan-Uganda Border)

Nimule is a major entry point into South Sudan

  By Alier Michael Majak ABSTRACT This research report deals with the analysis of South Sudan volume of imported quantities of Sugar in metric tons from Nimule Station for a period of two years (2013-2014) and specifically focuses on seasonal variations on the volume of imported sugar and their major determinants. Sugar has always drawn a wide attention of the governments all over the world. South Sudan is an important participator in the world sugar market. It is not only consumption country but also main net import and a big potential sugar consumption country in the world sugar market. Sugar in South Sudan depends on import to make up the supply-demand gap. This research first identifies the main determinants of imported sugar and further their effects on the variables quantified. Further, the component correlation on selected customs value is analyzed. The researcher examines the factors influencing the sugar imports in […]

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The Burden of Obstetric Fistula: Characteristics of Women admitted and the Gaps in Preventing and Treating Obstetric Fistula in Three Regional Referral Hospitals in South Sudan

Of the 106 women operated with obstetric fistula, 19 (17.9%) had fistula when they were below 15 years, while about 51 (48.1%) of them experienced the condition at the age of 16-20. In total, about 70(66%) were below the age of 20 years, indicating that obstetric fistula is associated with early marriage/pregnancy.

    By Machuor Daniel Arok, Joseph Atem Dut, Apin Deng Aher and Lual Lual Ashor ABSTRACT This study was undertaken with the overall goal to increase knowledge and understanding among stakeholders on the prevalence of obstetric fistula, including existing gaps in preventing and treating obstetric fistula in South Sudan. “Obstetric fistula occurs as a result of a prolonged and obstructed labour. The pressure caused by the obstructed labour damages the tissue of the internal passages of the bladder and/ or rectum and with no access to surgical intervention, the woman can be left permanently incontinent, unable to hold urine or faeces, which leak out through her vagina”[24]. The study was conducted between April 1st and June 30th 2014. It was a retrospective cross-sectional study, both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Data was collected from theatre records and admission sheets for a total of 126 patients admitted with obstetric fistula […]

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Prevalence of Alcohol-Related Mortality Among Reported Cases in Juba Teaching Hospital

A Record of Alcohol-related Deaths at Juba Teaching Hospital

Purpose: Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Authors: Siham Juan Lewai, Dona Joel Small, John Mabor Kok and Deng Simon Garang University: University of Juba College: College of Medicine Study Area/Period: Juba, South Sudan (January 2012 – December 2012) INTRODUCTION Despite general warning of its harmfulness to health, alcohol consumption has nevertheless re­mained a matter of public concern over the past few years in South Sudan. Major­ity of emergency cases at the Juba Teaching Hos­pital, for instance, are linked to terrible road traffic accidents that are also related to alcohol consumption.(MOH/RSS, 2013). This research, Prevalence of Alcohol-Related Mortality Among Reported Cases in Juba Teaching Hospital, is a retrospective study of mortality due to alcohol among the population of Juba in a period of one year (January 2012 to December 2012). It assumes that without under­standing the gravity of deaths […]

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The Knowledge and Attitude of Lactating Mothers towards Exclusive Breastfeeding in Juba, South Sudan

Mother breastfeeding her baby. © IRIN

  University/College: University of Juba College of Medicine (Department of Community Medicine) Title: The Knowledge and Attitude of Lactating Mothers towards Exclusive Breastfeeding in Juba, South Sudan Submitted By:  Wani Bosco Fabiano Ayire, Chol Mabil David Ajang, Wahib Natale Daniel, John Mawich Nangdor, Joshua Jockjio Thor Machar, Ruai Koang Mut Purpose:  A Thesis Submitted In Partial Fulfilment For The Award of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Date of Submission: June 30, 2014   ABSTRACT The knowledge and attitude of mothers towards exclusive breastfeeding was studied between December 2013 and June 2014 in Juba, Republic of South Sudan. One hundred and twenty-three (123) lactating mothers (with infants less than or equal to six months of age) were interviewed using self-administered well structured questionnaires, for literate mothers and verbal interpretation of questionnaires to illiterate mothers at Al-Sabbah Children’s Hospital Juba by trained Health personnel. Scoring of the responses to […]

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Understanding the Life of Street Children in Juba City

Wantok Bak, one of the research team members. (File Photo)

In recent years Juba has experienced a rise in the number of street children, a problem attributed to trauma of the past protracted civil war in the Sudan, in addition to economic hardships following Goal: South Sudan free from street children. General objective: This research seeks to compile and consolidate information about street children in order to to enable policy makers and well-wishers set a strategy aimed at promoting and protecting their rights. Specific objectives To assess the distribution pattern of street children by age and gender. To identify the risk factors for children being on the street. To find out the impact of street children to the community. To evaluate parental support for street children. To assess the attendance of school and other institutions by street children. To identify the problems faced by street children. To assess the day to day living conditions of street children. To evaluate the government and […]

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Effects of Women’s Communication through Songs on Communities: A Case for Jonglei State

University of Juba students during a graduation ceremony.

African is an important focus for scholars because of its diverse cultures. The distinction between men and women, as far as their role was concerned, was clear, and yet any conflicts that arose were well managed within the African framework. But with the advent of westernization which has become synonymous with civilization, there is unease in trying to accommodate the inconveniences of hybrid cultures. Among some societies in South Sudan, take the case of Acholi, for instance, a garden cultivated by thirty to forty young men through African communal cultivation is later left to a single woman to weed until harvest time. For the Murle of Jonglei State and Toposa of Eastern Equatoria (present-day Lomurnyang State), construction of grass-thatched houses is solely left to women, while men busy themselves defending the community and engaging other communities. Among the Dinka (Jieng) people, women are placed under the shadow of influence and […]

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