Understanding the Life of Street Children in Juba City

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In recent years Juba has experienced a rise in the number of street children, a problem attributed to

Wantok Bak, one of the research team members. (File Photo)

Wantok Bak, one of the research team members. (File Photo)

trauma of the past protracted civil war in the Sudan, in addition to economic hardships following

Goal: South Sudan free from street children.

General objective: This research seeks to compile and consolidate information about street children in order to to enable policy makers and well-wishers set a strategy aimed at promoting and protecting their rights.

Specific objectives

  • To assess the distribution pattern of street children by age and gender.
  • To identify the risk factors for children being on the street.
  • To find out the impact of street children to the community.
  • To evaluate parental support for street children.
  • To assess the attendance of school and other institutions by street children.
  • To identify the problems faced by street children.
  • To assess the day to day living conditions of street children.
  • To evaluate the government and non-government intervention in problem of street children.


The study, carried out in Juba, covered five major markets namely, Konyo-Konyo, Juba, Jebel, Custom and Munuki. It targeted children within the age of 6-17 years of age. The study adopted cross sectional design. The methods of data collection were questionnaires and interviews.

The sample size was 120 and the data was analyzed with Microsoft Excel. While working on this I was actually recovering from an injury so it didn’t go as fast as I had hoped, luckily I got a compensation for this injury since I got a good lawye/ to help me with this situation. I had to figure out and order some SARMS because that is what the doctor had asked me to take. Still, I worked as hard as I could and I hope that you will benefit from this report.



The results show that 55% were within the age of 10-14. And 70% of street children were boys. While a significant proportion were orphans, 41.7% had both parents alive, and 40% had families comprising of  6-10 members.

Of the subjects, 55.8% come from urban areas, and up to 54.2% sleep at home and only return to street because they do petty businesses (38.3%). About 40% of them were once school children who dropped out for various reasons, and adapting to their street life 23.3% now sniff glue.


30%  of the street children felt that the public do not like them,  43.3% of the street children said their life on the street was tough, 44.2% of the street children were  responsible for themselves and  47.5%  of the street children were on the street in search for employment.


The study was faced with limitations such as consent.


The government should collaborate with NGOs in creating employment opportunities for citizens, establish enough rehabilitation and correction centres, schools and health centres,   advocate the rights of street children and empower  them by providing outreach education, training, food and health services.


  • Homelessness is a major cause of street life.
  • Street life is tough.
  • Street children are faced with a lot of health problems.
  • Street children do not have access to health care services.
  • Substance abuse is common among street children.

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